Service Details

Network Assessments

Our Process

Manual Methodology

Forza Ops employs a manual methodology for network penetration tests which provides a distinct advantage over automated tools alone. While automated scans can quickly identify known vulnerabilities, they may miss out on complex security issues that require a nuanced understanding of the network environment. A manual approach involves seasoned cybersecurity experts actively engaging with the network, using their expertise to simulate real-world attack scenarios, detect unconventional vulnerabilities, and understand intricate threat vectors. This hands-on technique offers a deeper and more holistic view of an organization’s security posture, uncovering vulnerabilities that automated tools might overlook. Combining the human intellect with technology, manual network penetration tests ensure a thorough and comprehensive assessment of network defenses.

What to Expect

Internal Penetration Tests

An internal network penetration test commences with thorough network scanning and mapping to document the layout of devices, servers, and workstations. A significant focus is placed on assessing Active Directory, a cornerstone of many corporate networks, to pinpoint any misconfigurations that could be avenues for exploitation. As additional assets become compromised, the tester will perform lateral movement techniques, mimicking how an intruder might traverse through the network to access critical assets. Additionally, the integrity of network segmentation is checked, ensuring that sensitive sectors, like payment systems or proprietary databases, are properly isolated and shielded from the broader network. Through these steps, the internal penetration test offers a holistic view of the organization’s internal security posture, highlighting potential weak points and recommending fortification strategies.

External Penetration Tests

An external network penetration test begins with probing an organization’s external-facing assets, such as website, domains, subdomain, and mail servers, in order to detect vulnerabilities that could be exploited to gain internal network access. Various tools and techniques are used to scan for open ports and assess exposed services, simulating how an attacker might attempt to breach defenses. Throughout the test, the objective remains to identify vulnerabilities from an external vantage point, spotlighting gaps and providing actionable insights to reduce the organization’s attack surface.

Pre-engagement
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Pre-engagement

Scoping

Before any assessment, the preliminary phase is defining the scope and engagement details. Scoping entails determining the range of systems, networks, or applications to be tested. Any restrictions or constraints will also be set at this time to ensure a controlled and targeted assessment aligns with the customer’s needs.

Engagement
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Engagement

Active Testing

With a well-defined scope, the active testing period will begin next. This phase is where the tester will put “hands on the keyboard” and actively probe and attempt to explot any in-scope systems in order to uncover vulnerabilities. Any discovered vulnerabilities are assessed on how they might be leveraged by a malicious actor as well as their impact on the organization.

Post-Engagement
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Post-Engagement

Reporting and Review

The reporting and review phase is a critical phase of a penetration test. Any findings discovered during testing will be compiled, analyzed, and delivered in a thorough report. The final report will be debriefed to stakeholders in order to discuss any findings, provide technical explanations, and offer remediations and guidance on how to harden the in-scope systems. This phase ensures the organization fully understands the risks and can prioritize and implement effective countermeasures.

Elevate Your Cybersecurity Posture

Challenge your defenses with a network penetration test.

Internal vs. External Network Pentest FAQ

Internal
Network Assessments
External
Network Assessments

Internal Penetration Testing

Internal network penetration testing is a proactive approach to evaluating an organization’s cybersecurity posture from within its own network. Unlike external penetration tests, which focus on identifying vulnerabilities exposed to the wider internet, internal tests simulate threats that originate inside the organization, such as those from an insider threat or a compromised device. This method allows companies to identify weaknesses in their internal systems, assess their vulnerability to insider threats, and understand how far a potential intruder might be able to navigate or escalate privileges once inside the network. By mimicking real-world attacks in a controlled environment, internal network penetration testing provides valuable insights into potential security gaps and offers actionable recommendations to bolster defenses against insider threats.

External Penetration Testing

External network penetration testing is a systematic process of probing and analyzing an organization’s external-facing assets in order to identify vulnerabilities that cyber adversaries might exploit. This type of testing focuses on the organization’s online presence—such as its websites, email servers, and VPN gateways—from an outsider’s perspective, replicating the techniques of potential attackers. By simulating real-world cyberattacks in a controlled manner, external penetration testing aims to uncover security weaknesses before malicious actors do. The insights gained from these tests enable organizations to understand potential entry points, prioritize vulnerabilities, and implement strategies to enhance their overall cybersecurity posture against external threats.

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